Skin Pigmentation Treatment
Skin pigmentation disorders affect the colour of your skin.Your skin gets its colour from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin called melanocytes make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production.
Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body. There are four main types of skin pigmentation conditions. Three of these cause changes in skin tone and colour as a person ages. One condition Albinism is present at birth.
The first three conditions- vitiligo, melasma, and solar lentigo- all share a common cause, sun exposure.
Skin Pigmentation Types & Treatment
Vitiligo – is a skin pigmentation disorder that is recognised by the lack of melanin in a certain area of the skin. In this disorder white (or lighter) spots appear on the skin. Although this condition is mainly brought on by the development of severe sunburn, genetic factors and immunologic factors play an important role in its development. Infections, blisters and burns can cause lighter skin.
Melasma – is a skin pigmentation disorder that results in hyper-pigmentation or dark spots on the skin of females. These spots usually appear on the face, neck, and arms and are most commonly brought on by excessive sun exposure. However, these spots can also be brought on by hormonal changes and affect over 50% of women during pregnancy.
Solar lentigo – skin pigmentation disorder, commonly referred to as age spots or liver spots, is exclusively brought on by exposure to the sun. These spots resemble large freckles and are found on any area of the skin that has experienced repeated, prolonged sun exposure. The most common areas for solar lentigo to appear are on the hands, arms, neck, face, and forehead. These spots are very common in individuals over 60, light skinned people, and people who have trouble getting a tan.
Albinism – is characterised by a complete lack of skin colouring. In this condition the sufferer’s skin does not contain any melanin so they have very light skin and hair. The condition is genetic and incurable at this time. There is no treatment for Albinism.
Skin Pigmentation Treatments
- Consultation with Skin specialist.
- Prescription medication if required
- Mesotherapay skin brightening programme
- Topical application of Tyrosinase inhibiting cream
- Topical cosmeceuticals containing Vitamin A
- Cryo therapy for solar lentigenes
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